Eleven hundred establishments S.A. Federico MV Galigniana mail
Today, livestock and agriculture companies have become numbers “very fine”. That is why we must be proactive in order to meet our goals, creating quality products that gratify us both economically and personally, exploring the possibility of complementing both activities, to transform such as meat produced in agriculture, giving added value our grains and forages.
Farm budgets are usually pretty clear: Number of hectares kilos of fertilizer, seed type is, quantities of agrochemicals, liters of fuel, and labor costs are the producer handles numbers beforehand. Are they as clear in livestock budgets: for this to happen we must also know the availability of forage, offering food supplementation to fill potholes or fat, reserve stock, labor, etc. and again to know the costs of these resources and infrastructure eventually made available to the system.
We need this information to determine if the selling price per kilo live set by the market (not the producer), we are winning, drawing or losing. We all just want to clear that the first option and we work.
A new tool for increasing use
One of the tools we’ve introduced a few years ago in the area, whose use is growing is the silo of consumption that gives very good results if used correctly (breeding, fattening, maintenance) and with proper handling.
Green fodder silage conservation is a technique which relies on chemical and biological processes in plant tissues generated when these contain sufficient amount of fermentable carbohydrates and are in a medium suitable anaerobic (absence of oxygen). Conservation is performed in a moist environment due to the formation of acids that act as preservatives, you can get delicious food and nutritional value very similar to the original forage stands. In each area taking into account soil quality, average temperatures, rainfall patterns, etc., It chooses the most suitable plant species: to the center of Entre Rios sorghum (summer crop) or barley (winter crop ) are two good choices.
Knowing the category of animals that we handle, we will know what are the requirements in number and volume, rearing, fattening maintenance. So we can plan the reserves for a year supply and store in bags (9 foot) for an entire year or for the period required. Similarly we can provide protein supplementation, energy and mineral, making the collection before starting the production cycle. Known requirements and yields material such for each zone and forage species, calculations of how plant and production costs are an easy mind.
Why do silo?
Before bagging must know the destination that will give the silo: to supplement with protein if it is for breeding, to place it in the appropriate paddock if maintenance of cows, to provide the energy needed if fattening. Only then we will be sure to have all the forage resources to meet our production goals while maintaining a constant and adequate food supply.
The availability of forage for the cycle, we released hectares suitable for agriculture field to produce more interesting grain yield. For example if we ensure a supply sufficient forage barley (winter crop), we have the same paddock for soybean (by sequence) but planted almost first date.
What materials do you use?
Should you opt for sorghum (summer crop), we sow in mid-October when the temperature of the earth is for three days above 17 degrees. Thus achieve a good birth and if the rainfall accompanying reasonably get from 21/22 tons of material per hectare chopped up peaks of 35 tn.
If you opt for a winter crop such as barley, we sow in late June or early July, chopping and bagging late October or early November. Here we should expect lower yields per hectare (also lower the cost of crop establishment)
Have greater influence on the outcome of the quality business that yields per hectare (will require less kilos of silo to produce the same amount of meat if the silo is quality and improves feed conversion / meat). Thus, if a silero sorghum, grain, forage or gives us a 16/18% of leaf, the rest will necessarily cane (lignin) or grain (energy), which is why I favor the use of grain sorghums for making bag silos in our area.
As for the mast which has given best result is the scarlet.
How do I calculate the preserved material kilos?
A bag of 9 feet and 60 feet long (is reduced to about 52 meters actually filled) store: 52 meters X 3000 kilos per meter = approximately 156,000 kilos of material as is (dry matter varies with the humidity). This material achieved in 5/7 Has. grain sorghum for example, reach 100 to feed weaning calves during 3 months, adding the protein and the perm them oligielementos
ita grow to 600 grams per day.
The service heifers and dry cows not need as much protein intake, and consumption will be higher than 80 animals and the bag will last 2 ½ months. In this case we can use the silo to let it rest a pasture during this period, while improving the body condition of the property enclosed, Upload pregnancy or clipped around the postpartum estrous cycle. All this results in a higher “head pregnancy.
What are the costs?
In the last year, 2011/2012 a kilo of sorghum bagged material (including work, fumigated, seed, bagging, etc.) Was 20 cents. Consumption of this silo calf rearing, plus supplementation, core, care, etc, raised the cost of kilo live weight produced $ 7. – Without taking up very little space on the field, as plots of 100 calves per bag holding a pen of 77 by 95 meters. We note here the good health that is achieved with confined animals and the welfare achieved by the wide availability of space, the lack of mud, etc.
Does the system work?
In addition to nutrition and health easy control of the property, the staff quickly accepted technique because in a short time to do the daily task (metal arc advancing front of the bag, supplement and monitor), minimizing physical effort. Being a friendly and simple technique is recommended primarily for those who deal with daily functioning.
This offer nutritional stable, allowing constant growth, achieving products always in good body, healthy, achieving the ideal state for sale in shorter time. When used for maintenance fully achieved its objective be allowing fallow field. For lots more pregnancy is achieved service head.
In short: costed, very real economic benefits and predictability to the system.