Change of structures XXI century
The agricultural impolitic is a longstanding Argentinean constant, recently aggravated by the aberrant protection of the table of Argentines that subsidized the richest. It is repeated without major variants since the 40s preventing the development of the natural resources potential and the comparative advantages of our country. Paralyzed by the individual daily, we do not agree the strategy for the century.
The recent prices projected to the horizon of international demand now allow the design of an agricultural policy that will change the productive and commercial structure to allow in the short term (1 year) half a million, a medium (3 years) a million and a long term (6 years) Two million more tons of meat. That maintaining a high popular consumption triples the price of the exported (promoting quality guaranteed). That adds with the agroindustry value and skilled labor to the beef, that if of quality does not have greater competition in the world.
Everyone agrees with the situation charts because they are more than obvious. Since always: Stagnant stocks, Inefficiency of breeding and low weight of work. Few agree on causal diagnoses, the fruit of expressions of desires without consensus and proposals inspired by sectoral interests. This essay proposes to point out the competing competing interests in analyzing and arbitrating them; Seeking solutions in a change of structures that surpasses them by mutual convenience.
The change can be and is due, albeit against the Cepalistas, Desarrollistas and related: amen of the reversion of the terms of trade, there is more national added value in one ton exported of controlled portions (95%) or in a cookie Than in a motor vehicle (30%). It is enough as an example that the area cultivated by immigrants with horses and plows, reached 8 million hectares of maize. With the current yields would give 64 million tons. How much would they be transformed by agribusiness?
Ambitious goals, will, equanimity and above all gray matter are required to achieve the convergence of real mutual conveniences. The external context is more favorable than that of the generation of the eighties but this did not have Lobbys in front and its leaders had agricultural interests.
Unlike Brazil with a preponderance of representatives of the field in the congress, the sector in Argentina lacks power, although its image has improved. It is necessary for a change of structures the political power of a highly developed agro industrial sector, which needs growing supplies.
There will not be a large increase in production, consumption and exports if the entire hacienda is not potentially exportable, for which everything must be drawn, all must have greater weight and all must be fished in beaches enabled to take advantage of the “Rioplatense Singularity “: The preference of our consumers for cuts of lower exportable value. In short: when even the Turkish Smith should export!
In order for these proposals to have an immediate effect to be effective, they must all be implemented simultaneously, since they have no social, fiscal or economic costs, but they require a great deal of political courage and the use of reserved information to confront a savage fight with the lobbies and their support The “idiíltiles” related) that are enough since these measures will cause a transfer of cuts or work of the consumers to many more plants with beaches enabled, more competition and a progressive and resisted bleaching.
Traceability: simplified extended so that the entire farm is suitable for export., Males and females (those who can contribute most)
Fiscal equalization: of all labor costs and unifying the variables in fixed.
Sanitary equipment: Qualification for export of all beaches.
Withholdings: eliminate them only for the most expensive cuts and for the preparations with higher value added, these with refunds (verifiable in customs with the Maria system)
Typification: optional but controlled, rewarding only the superior quality for dentition and biotype, without sex, except for the elderly.
Reduction of a fixed value for half-hens of more than 130 kg only on authorized beaches.
Although the information needs to be updated by independent researchers, these concepts, which are not new, are still valid as they were in previous decades. Some have been tested before but separately and poorly. If there is merit, it has been to gather them because they are concomitant and their interactions are enhanced (eg, Uruguayan Model).
This study and its proposals are nothing more than a draft of work so that qualified participants come together to make their interests explicit and project their shortcomings (the most difficult) Medium and long term in a decision making that is like a fate of Moncloa with “Fumata”.
My experiences at JNC, in Associations, as a producer, researcher, and exporter, have taught me that the interests at stake explain the repeated failures of meat policies in Argentina. The compulsory and non-consensual regulations of arrogant, inexperienced officials do not work.
I did not expect to have to repeat this study in 2005 and revised in 2010. Although the efficient breeders who kept the cows, opaque circuits, and protected ones, it would be better if no one does anything right, in the immediate longest possible. Officers, interest-dependent experts and our representatives who do not think or make mistakes, help them live. In summary:
The fewer calves, less heavy, less cheap and less white … Better!