In establishing " The Hundred Eleven " in Villaguay , Entre Rios, fully leverage the performance of Limangus with good nutrition and health . Agriculture is key to the stability of this proposition of high performance
On the left., Federico Galigniana with his father, Omar, in the food court of calves are consuming more pea barley silage and sorghum
In recent years, livestock, food became the transforming factor of production systems. If a good nutritional strategy is combined with genetic outstanding, good technical management and preventive health, significantly increases the yield potential permanently animal.Ajustando these pillars of livestock work in the establishment “Eleven Hundred” in the town of Villa Gobernador Domínguez, Villaguay, Entre Rios.
There, in an environment characterized by ripples and Mount espinillos and ñandubays, Omar and Federico Galigniana, father and son, respectively, are responsible for the technical management of this mixed development of 2,200 hectares of land suitable for agriculture and pasture cattle. Agroganadera on complementarity and intensification, this field found its better balance over the years and today achieve the best results.
Omar is technical advisor specializing in livestock issues, and Federico is the veterinarian field. Throughout their career development, Omar worked linked to the makeup of French origin. Charolais still remembers when, in the 70s, marked the highest prices in the Liniers Market. Before beginning the 80s and that race was regulated in the country, he made his first crossing of Limangus (crossing of the French race Limousin with British Aberdeen Angus).
In the early 90s he began working in Eleven Hundred, where there were animals Limangus. It tells Clarin Rural, before the eyes of his son and the curious attention of a lot of heifers in service, their first goal was racial establishment. “In the first three years of work, we made the crossing of a pure Limousin bull with a pure female Aberdeen Angus. And then these hybrid children crossed to maintain the average blood. We have been about twenty years with the race Limangus stabilized, “says Omar.
Given the genetic quality they have with Limangus, the consultant emphasized that fail steers females 360 kilos and 320 kilos of meat with high yields, especially in higher-value cuts, with adequate fat and very good conversion levels planning of food alimento.La Eleven Hundred, which has a herd of 2,300 head, is key.
Therefore, having secured the right food to keep the cycle of cow breeding, rearing calves and completion is essential. In addition, planning the fattening of cows and bulls sold as genetic edge. Thus, strategic supplementation, feedlot and food reserves were the most important factors enhancers adopted in this field.
This outline is a farmer full cycle with own replacement females. There are 1,000 breeding cows and 300 heifers. The field in each cycle has a need for 200 heifers that are in service at this time, so the remaining hundred pregnant are sold in the auction will be made in August. Omar explains that whatever is field, mountain pasture and is intended for breeding cow. “However, the best quality food will need a female to the right resource intended,” says the consultant.
But for fattening calves were planned exclusively enclose subsistence-based silo with pea barley and sorghum, a system designed by INTA Manfredi (Córdoba). Thus, once the calf is weaned in advance (four to five months old) it is part of a herd of 100 head. Each of the detours set to one of eight pens having adjusted dimensions.
The food court will provide food for the next nine to twelve months (one bag every three months or so). In feeders pens they are nutrient deficiency brings the silage and, at the end of fattening, grain (sorghum or barley) to finish the young steers. When the feeding management in this area was planned, agriculture was connected to livestock and never separated.
“Agriculture gave food security and predictability to livestock,” says the consultant. The effective surface, there 1,100 hectares of soybean and 800 hectares for rent own production 300, and 240 hectares of white sorghum, which is harvested as whole plant and grain. In this area, corn crop is not insurance. The 300 hectares of soybeans in rotation with barley and pea intercropping.
The goal, says Omar, “is made between soybean and soybean meal for animals”. Therefore, behind the combine soy is broadcast seeding ryegrass, “it grows like a weed here. It is a green onion that is installed fine. In addition intersembramos winter malting barley with pea. ” The purpose of the coasociación, explains Omar, is to raise the protein content of mixed silo and closer as possible to the ideal levels that demands a calf rearing. This is important, he says, because the better the conformation of calf rearing will have more potential to be greased muscle mass during termination.
This adjusted power and genetic quality race this wont make it highly competitive in the market. “Because of the high yields of butchers cuts, Limangus today marks the maximum prices at the Liniers Market. Also, they know their meat and refrigerators are already paying more for it. Also, because we are aiming to finish lightweight animals, which is what the domestic market demand, each kilo of meat fetches a good price, “says the consultant.
Health is another important aspect in this case productive. Federico points out that the field is officially free of tuberculosis and brucellosis. “This creates peace of mind for all employees of contracting diseases transmitted by animals,” says the veterinarian, adding that from this year is a provincial obligation to be free of these diseases.
Despite the good indices, Eleven Hundred challenges arise. One is to continue selling the genetics of bulls and heifers with guarantee of pregnancy. “This is a genetic gains that are taking advantage,” says Omar. And he concludes, “the most important challenge is to be hundred percent efficient in each of our dealings, either from the genetic point of view, health, nutrition and optimizing profitability”.