INTA recommends that you scan the water for the animals to determine their quality, improve diet and increase productivity.
Meet water quality is critical to the producer when making decisions and define the management of herds. The balance of beneficial and harmful salts which constitute determine whether it is suitable for consumption and the consequences for productive development.
“If an animal consumes water of poor quality, low production capacity and can become a limiting factor for health status, with the consequence of suffering significant economic losses,” said Josefina Marinissen, animal production group INTA, Buenos Hilario Ascasubi Aires.
As in any process, said Luciana Dunel, specialist unit, diagnostic quality requires a first step: “Sort the water and see if it can be used for livestock consumption is key and a full production cycle to determine a Optimal management of the diet. “
The amount of total salts in water depends on the target production of each establishment. Thus, “water containing less than one gram of total salts are considered optimal for animal consumption, but are deficient and is required supplementation with mineral mixtures,” said Dunel.
According to Marinissen, water acts in cattle as a buffer between its temperature and the environment, also favors the fermentation of food. If you have the proper salinity contributes to the consumption and absorption of minerals like calcium (Ca), magnesium (Mg) and sodium (Na).
“Generally, the producer makes the analysis when it detects a health problem in the herd that is not related to forage quality,” said Marinissen, who also added that “the symptoms are: lower weight gain, loss of body condition , diarrhea, decreased forage intake, reproductive problems and in extreme cases, death. “
Excesses or deficiencies of minerals in drinking water have a strong impact on health and the production end, so that “all the water, regardless of source, should be tested every year,” the experts recommended.
Salts, minerals and more
The washes that have less than 1.5 grams per liter of total salts (ST)-the sum of all soluble compounds, are characterized as “little engordadoras” these cases require mineral supplementation in both farming systems, wintering or dairy. However, those having from 2 to 4 grams per liter of ST are known as “engordadoras” because it is not necessary supplementation.
However, “when the values of washes exceed four grams restrict voluntary water consumption and production per animal decreases. If levels exceed seven grams, not suitable for use, “explained the specialists.
Also, the salts most affect the quality are sulfates, arsenic and fluoride. “His presence, ‘he said defined the unsuitability for consumption. Elements are highly toxic, and purgatives have a characteristic bitter taste. “
On the other hand, elements are added salts such as sodium, potassium, calcium and magnesium in defining the quality of water resources: “In general, unless they are in high concentrations, are beneficial and adverse effects” said Dunel.